What is the Difference Between Alluvial Soil and Black Soil?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : September 8th, 2022

The major Difference Between Alluvial Soil and Black Soil is Alluvial soil is formed by the deposition of rivers, and on the other hand, Black Soil is formed due to the weathering of igneous rocks and lava flow. Alluvial soil is enriched in minerals and nutrients, and that’s why it is widely used by farmers. Black soil has a great capacity to retain water, and it is ideal for growing trees.

Difference Between Alluvial Soil and Black Soil

We have pointed out some major differences between Alluvial Soil and Black Soil below.

Alluvial Soil

Black Soil

→Formed by deposition of rivers

→Alluvial soil is fine and highly fertile

→It is confined to coastal and northern plains

→Alluvial soil is great for crops like rice, wheat

→Formed by weathering of igneous rocks and lava flow

→Black soil is fertile

→Found in Maharashtra, parts of Gujrat

→Cotton grows the best in Black soil.

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FAQs

  • There are many differences between Black soil and Alluvial soil, but the main difference that sets them apart is how they are formed. The Alluvial soil is formed by the deposition of rivers, and the Black soul is formed by weathering of igneous rocks.

  • Alluvial soil is mainly found in the northern plain regions, and the Black soil is found in the Deccan trap and in the Northwest region. Alluvial soil is deficient in nitrogen, and Black soil is deficient in Phosphoric content.

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