What is the classification of Tribal Communities?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Tribal communities are classified as permanent features and acquired features. A tribe is a group of people who live and work together in a shared geographic area. They share a common culture, dialect, and religion. They also have a strong sense of unity.

Classification of Tribal Communities

Tribal communities are classified as:

Permanent properties:

  • They have language, region, ecological habitat, and physical characteristics.
  • Ecological habitats include rural plains, hills, urban industrial areas, and forests.
  • Based on language, tribes are divided into 4 categories.
  • Two are Indo-Aryan and Dravidian, and Tibeto-Burman and Austrian are the other.
  • From a physical racial point of view, the tribes are divided into Negrito, Dravidian, Australoid, Aryan, and Mongoloid.
  • In terms of size, the strains vary greatly.
  • The largest tribes are the Santhals, Gonds, Bhils, Oranoni, Bodas, Minas, and Mundas.

Acquired properties:

  • It consists of two categories, such as
  • Mode of livelihood – According to the source of livelihood, they are classified as hunters and food gatherers, fishermen, farmers, cultivators, planters, and industrial workers.
  • Extent of assimilation - tribes incorporated into Hindu society through Sanskritization, cultivation, and adoption of the Shudra tribe. They were incorporated into society of Hindu according to their attitudes and financial status.

Summary:

What is the classification of Tribal Communities?

The tribal communities are divided into acquired traits and permanent traits. A group of people who live and work together in a shared geographic area is called a trait.

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