What is the cause of the Khilafat movement?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The causes of the Khilafat movement are - the First World War ending in defeat, speculations and rumors being imposed, and protection of the powers of the Caliph. The Khilafat movement was an agitation by Indian Muslims associated with Indian nationalism in the years following the First World War. The Khilafat movement began in 1919 and ended in 1924. The Muslim population regarded the Sultan as the religious head in India. Two Ali brothers founded the Khilafat movement.

Causes of Khilafat Movement

  • World War I ended with the defeat of Ottoman Turkey
  • It was rumored that a peace treaty would be imposed on the Ottoman Emperor who was the spiritual Islamic world head – Caliph.
  • To defend the early forces of the Khalifa, the Khilafat Committee in Bombay was formed in March 1919.
  • The young Muslim leader's generation, like the brothers Shaukat Ali and Muhammad Ali, began to discuss with Mahatma Gandhi the chances of united mass action on this issue.
  • Gandhiji observed this as an opportunity to bring the Muslims under the united movement umbrella called the "Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement."


What is the cause of the Khilafat movement?

The causes of the Khilafat movement World war I ended in defeat, rumors spread about the harsh peace treaty being imposed, the formation of the Khalifat committee, and the protection of powers of the Caliph. The leaders of this movement were Hakim Ajmal Khan, Mohammed Ali and Shaukat Ali - Maulana Azad, and Hasrat Mohani.


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