What is the BPL Income Limit in India?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : October 13th, 2022

According to the methodology authorized by the Union Cabinet, the BPL income limit in India is around Rs. 27,000 per year. A benchmark known by the Indian government as "below the poverty line" is used to reflect economic losses and to identify people and households in need of support and assistance. It is calculated using various factors that vary both within and between states.

BPL Income Limit in India

The existing standards were developed using data from the 2002 survey. India's central government is uncertain about the criteria to be used to identify families living in poverty going to the polls every ten years.

Extreme poverty is considered as a per capita daily income of less than ₹ 150. According to this figure, 12.4% of Indians are living in extreme poverty. Income-based poverty measures only take into account the absolute minimum needed to meet basic food needs. They ignore other needs such as access to health care and quality education.

  • As per the method authorized by the Union Cabinet, the household income limit to become a beneficiary under the BPL (Below Poverty Line) list is approximately Rs. 27,000 per year.
  • A household will not be included in the BPL list if the annual income of a family exceeds Rs. 27,000.
  • This is the expected result of the seven deprivation indicators, the automatic exclusion and inclusion criteria, and the automatic exclusion criteria.
  • Fixation of the maximum limit on the per capita monthly income for a family of five earners is about Rs. 447 in rural areas or approx Rs. 2,250 per family.
  • The government uses several criteria to identify those living below the poverty line (BPL).
  • These norms may vary from state to state and between urban and rural locations.
  • Additionally, the poverty line is defined differently in many countries according to different criteria.
  • Those people reach the poverty line whose income is less than this amount.

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FAQs on BPL Income Limit in India

  • To qualify as BPL beneficiaries, a household's annual income could not exceed Rs 27,000, according to a methodology endorsed by the Union Cabinet. 

  • It is calculated using monthly expenditures for things like food, clothing, health care, transportation, and power. This committee determined that a person who spends Rs. 33 per day in urban areas and just Rs. 27 per day in rural regions is considered to be living below the poverty line.

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