What is the Bijolia peasant movement?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The Bijolia movement was a peasant movement in the Mewar region of present-day Rajasthan against the excessive collection of land revenue. The movement's leadership was given at various times by Fateh Karan Charan, Vijay Singh Pathik, Manikyalal Verma, and Sadhu Sitaram Das.

Bijolia Peasant Movement

  • The movement originated in the erstwhile Bijolia jagir near Bijolia town, Bhilwara district, spreading to neighboring jagirs.
  • In 1913, under Fateh Karan Charan’s leadership, 15,000 farmers started a "No Tax" campaign in which they decided to leave the land uncultivated and instead farm leased land in the neighboring areas of Bundi, Mewar, and Gwalior states.
  • This led to land cultivation throughout Bijolia, a huge drop in real estate income, and food shortages.
  • Pathik advised peasants to cultivate unirrigated lands and be subject to lower taxes.

Summary:

What is the Bijolia peasant movement?

In the Bijolia jagir of the former state of Mewar, the Bijolia peasant movement, Rajasthan, is against collecting excessive land revenue. The movement lasted until 1941.

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