What is the Aryan invasion theory?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

According to the Aryan Invasion Theory, a group of people known as Aryans entered northern India and wiped out the Indus Valley Civilization put up in the 20th century. The theory's critics contend that it lacked any archaeological or genetic foundation and was invented to support the British conquest of India.

Aryan Invasion Theory Invention

  • The entire Aryan Invasion Theory has recently come under question due to additional genetic investigations, which are still disputed today.
  • The 1920 Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) excavations at Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, and Lothal demonstrated that northern India already had a sophisticated culture when the Indo-Aryans first arrived there.
  • A nomadic people moved into an advanced urban civilisation, akin to the Germanic migrations during the Fall of the Western Roman Empire or the Kassite invasion of Babylonia.
  • The hypothesis had previously suggested that advanced Aryans would migrate toward a primitive indigenous population.
  • This possibility was viewed as a hostile invasion of northern India for a brief period.
  • The Indus Valley civilization's demise when the Indo-Aryan migrations most likely took place appeared to offer independent support for such an invasion.
  • This theory was put forth by the archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler in the middle of the 20th century.
  • Wheeler famously claimed that the god "Indra stands accused" of the collapse of the Civilization and that the numerous unburied corpses discovered in the top levels of Mohenjo-Daro were the victims of conquest wars.


What is the Aryan invasion theory?

The Indus Valley Civilization was eradicated by a group of people known as Aryans that invaded northern India, claims the Aryan Invasion Theory, which was advanced in the 20th century. The theory's detractors assert that it was created to support the British invasion of India and has no archaeological or genetic basis.


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