What is the Arab Conquest of Sindh?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : August 3rd, 2022

The Arab conquest of Sindh was the Umayyad military campaign, led by General Mohammad Bin Qasim in 712 AD. These campaigns resulted in complete domination over the Sindh by the Arabs. The Umayyad campaigns were one of the first instances of the Mughal invasion in India.

What is the Arab Conquest of Sindh?

General Mohammad Bin Qasim, an Arab military commander, was in Umayyad Caliphate’s service. He led the Arab conquest of Sindh, now a part of modern Pakistan. This marked the inauguration of the Umayyad campaigns in India.

Muhammad ibn al-Qasim hailed from the Banu Thaqif tribe of Arabs, mainly based in Taif city in the west of Arabia. He was assigned as the Governor of Fars after the successful conquest of Persia. And soon enough, Qasim led the ummayad campaigns to the Sindh conquest in 708 AD. This invasion went on till 711 AD.

He was a skilled general, great at wartime strategies. His military intellect led to great exploits of war. He was the first to lead the Islamic establishment over India, particularly the province of Sindh.

He was able to take over the region from Raja Dahir, the ruler of the Sindhi Brahman dynasty. Muhammad ibn al-Qasim, by capturing the then-capital of Aror by Arab forces, became the first Muslim to have taken over Hindu land successfully. He was able to establish an Islamic rule throughout the region and served as the Governor of Sindh from 712 AD to 715 AD, till his death. This marked the start of Islamic Rule in India.

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FAQs about the Arab Conquest of Sindh

  • The Umayyad Campaigns of Sindh is also called the Arab Conquest of Sindh, led by Mohammad Qasim, an Arab general.  

  • Mohammad Qasim defeated Raja Dahir, the ruler of the Sindhi Brahman dynasty, to capture Sindh.

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