What is the 21st Amendment Act?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The 21st Amendment Act to the Constitution of India, also known as the Constitution (Twenty-first Amendment) Act, 1967, changed the Eighth Schedule, raising the number of scheduled languages to fifteen and introducing Sindhi as one of the languages. The languages for which the Government of India is responsible for development are listed in the Eighth Schedule.

Twenty-first Amendment Act (1967)

  • Initially, the Constitution's Eighth Schedule listed 14 languages.
  • In 1992, the 71st Amendment was ratified, adding three new languages: Meitei, Konkani, and (Manipuri) Nepali, Maithali, Santhali, Dogri, and Bodo.
  • In 2003, the 92nd Amendment increased the total number of languages to 22.
  • On the year 1967 March 20, the Rajya Sabha received the introduction of the Constitution Bill 1967.
  • The then-Home Minister, Yashwantrao Chavan, put it out and attempted to add Sindhi to the list of Scheduled Languages in the Constitution's Eighth Schedule.
  • The Sindhi-speaking population has consistently demanded that the Sindhi language be added to the Constitution's Eighth Schedule.
  • Sindhi used to be a province language of undivided India.
  • It would have remained such without partition, even though it is not currently a regional language in a clearly defined region.
  • The Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities also advised the addition of Sindhi to the Constitution's Eighth Schedule.
  • The Rajya Sabha debated the Bill on April 4, 1967, and on the same day, it was approved in its original form.
  • The Lok Sabha debated and approved the Bill on April 7, 1967, in the form that the Rajya Sabha had approved.
  • On April 10, 1967, the measure was approved by President Zakir Hussain.

Summary:

What is the 21st Amendment Act?

The Constitution of India's 21 Amendment, well known as the Constitution (Twenty-first Amendment) Act of 1967, changed the Eighth Schedule to add Sindhi as one of the languages, increasing the number of scheduled languages to fifteen. It attempted to add Sindhi as one of the Scheduled Languages in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution and was introduced by Yashwantrao Chavan, the then Home Minister.

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