What is Peninsular Plateau of India?

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : January 9th, 2023

A peninsular plateau of India refers to a tableland, generally composed of igneous, metamorphic, and older crystalline rocks. The Central Highlands and the Deccan Plateau are the peninsular plateau of India. This plateau was formed after the breakup of the Gondwana land. Its total area is about 16 lakh square kilometers (the total area of ​​India is 32 lakh square kilometers).

Peninsular Plateau of India

It is triangular in shape and its base corresponds to the southern edge of the Great Plain of North India. The top of the triangular plateau is in Kanyakumari. The exception is the Narmada-Tapti which flows from east to west in a fault due to a fault divergence boundary. It is a highly stable block composed mostly of Archean gneiss and schist.

The average elevation of the plateau is 600–900 m above sea level (varies from region to region). The Central Highlands and Deccan Plateau have shallow valleys and hills. Know more about these two peninsular plateaus of India below:

  • Deccan Plateau: It is located between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, in the southern region of the Narmada river.
  • Central Highlands: It lies in the northern part of the Narmada river, and covers a significant region of the Malwa plateau.

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FAQs on Peninsular Plateau of India

  • A peninsular plateau of India refers to a tableland, generally composed of igneous, metamorphic, and older crystalline rocks. The Central Highlands and the Deccan Plateau are examples of the Peninsular Plateau in India.

  • The Peninsular Plateau is composed of old crystalline, metamorphic, and igneous rocks. These rocks break down over time and form a plateau. The Peninsular Plateau was formed after the breakdown of Gondwana land.

  • The peninsular plateaus of India - the Deccan Plateau and the Central Highlands are located in the peninsular region of the Narmada river.  It is triangular in shape and the top of the triangle is located in Kanyakumari.

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