About Ijarah System
The meaning of Ijarah is farming of revenue. It was a well-known practice in the land-revenue administration under the sultans of Delhi. It was introduced to elevate the state's revenue in Bengal under the reign of Jahandar Shah who was supported by nobel Zulfiqar Khan.
When the peasants could not cultivate the land due to unavailability of resources or some calamity, the lands were farmed out on ijarah to a third party called revenue farmers.