What is Green Revolution? Why was it Implemented, and how did it Benefit the Farmers?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The Green Revolution is marked by the introduction of a 'High-Yielding Variety' of seeds in Indian Agriculture which led to the increased production of food grains. Norman Ernest Borlaug started the Green Revolution in the year 1965. He also won the Nobel Prize for the same reason.

Green Revolution meant increased use of appropriate fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation facilities, which resulted in high crop yields. The main aim of bringing the Green Revolution to India was to make it self-sufficient and independent.

Green Revolution and Its Benefits


Norman Ernest Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, plant pathologist, and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970, initiated this Green Revolution. It was implemented with the goal of higher yields of food grains, especially wheat and rice, and was focused more on developing countries like India. It decreased the dependency on natural conditions and let the farmers grow crops in adverse conditions by using certain technologies and adopting new ways in the same direction. It made the farmers' task less daunting and gave them higher income than earlier.

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  • Green Revolution was started by Norman Ernest Borlaug in 1965.

  • The Green Revolution made the farmers self-dependent and decreased their dependence on the climate and other conditions resulting in higher crop yield with higher income.

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