What is Doctrine of Territorial Nexus?

By meenakshi|Updated : July 6th, 2022

Doctrine of territorial nexus derives its authority from Article 245 of the Indian constitution. The doctrine of territorial nexus states that the laws made by the state legislatures are applicable within the state only and not outside, except if there is a reasonable nexus between the object and the state. However, if Parliament makes any law for extraterritorial operations, no questions can be raised over its validity. 

What is meant by the Doctrine of Territorial Nexus?

Doctrine of territorial nexus deals with the division of powers between the state and its extraterritorial areas. As per Article 245 of the Constitution of India, the laws made by the state legislatures are not applicable outside the state. However, this can be invoked if, 

  • there is a territorial nexus between the Act's subject matter and the state making the law.
  • Whether a particular state has an extra-territorial operation.

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FAQs on Doctrine of territorial nexus

  • Article 245 of the Indian constitution is responsible for authorizing the doctrine of Territorial Nexus.

  • Doctrine of Territorial nexus can be invoked under the following circumstances:

    • Whether a particular state has an extra-territorial operation. 
    • There is a territorial nexus between the Act's subject matter and the state making the law.

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