Example of Catenation
Carbon is not the only atom that has catenation properties. Other elements include Hydrogen, Silicon, Boron, Sulfur, and Phosphorous. Besides the carbon element, Hydrogen, silicon, and sulfur atoms are not enough to make bonds. As their atom's size is bigger than carbon atoms, it becomes difficult to bond with other atoms.
- Atom’s electronic and steric factors play an important role in Catenation.
- Carbon is popular for Catenation as it easily catenates long open and closed chains.
- Other elements barely create stronger bonds than carbon due to their heavy size.
- We usually find that the amount of carbon is more than any other element because of the high catenation nature of carbon.
The right catenation sequence is C>Si>Ge>Sn. As we move down the group families, the bond’s strength decreases. That’s why the Catenation tendency decreases.