Khalisa Land and the Mughal Empire
During Akbar's reign, the entire country was divided into two parts: Khalisa (Crown Land) and Jagir (Land Assignments). During the Mughal reign, the ratio of Jagir to Khalisa fluctuated. Khalisa was barely 5% of total revenue under Akbar's reign, 10% under Jahangir, and 9-14% under Shahjahan.
- The 'Khalisa Land' was the term given to the crown lands at the time of the Mughal Sultanate.
- They were owned by the Emperor itself. All the taxes and revenue collected from these lands were used for the royal maintenance of the court and such.
- It was managed by the nobles and amils who also used it to manage the troops and other similar expenses.
- Khalisa lands were mostly converted into jagirs, and the jagirs were at times converted into Khalisa lands.