Define Article 54 of the Indian Constitution?
Article 54 of the Indian Constitution gives a list of people who can vote in the Presidential elections. Based on it, the President of India is elected by an Electoral College which consists of the following members:
- Elected members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha which are the lower and upper houses of the Parliament respectively
- Elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of all states and Union Territory of Puducherry and NCT of Delhi.
Our Indian Constitution is divided into 25 parts and 12 schedules containing 448 articles in total. Articles 52 to 62 are related to the President of India who is the first citizen and the Head of the State. Among these, Article 54 of the Constitution talks about the Presidential elections as we have discussed above. The election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The secret ballot system is used in voting. All disputes and doubts with respect to the election are inquired into and decided by the Supreme Court, whose decision is final.