What is Article 352 in Indian Constitution?

By Priya Gupta|Updated : July 15th, 2022

Under Article 352 of the Indian Constitution, the President can declare a state of ‘National Emergency’ in the country when the security of the country or any part of it is threatened by war-like circumstances, armed rebellion, or external aggression. There are three types of emergencies in India - National Emergency, President's Rule, and Financial Emergency, out of which Article 352 talks about National Emergency provision. Let us learn more about it below.

What is Article 352? - State of National Emergency

Article 352 of the Constitution of India deals with the state of National Emergency in the country imposed by the President in war-like circumstances. Some key features of this Article are as follows:

  • The proclamation of National Emergency can be limited to a specific part of the country by the President as per the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
  • It can be implemented after getting a written recommendation from the Cabinet.
  • It can be imposed for at least 6 months and can be extended for every 6 months to an indefinite period after Parliament’s approval.
  • Till now, the state of National Emergency has been imposed three times which is in 1962, 1971, and 1975.

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FAQs on What is Article 352?

  • Article 352 of the Indian Constitution deals with the proclamation of National Emergency in the entire country or any part of it by the President in the situation of war, armed rebellion, or external aggression.

  • The implementation of the National Emergency in the country is a very serious matter as the lives of many people and constitutional stability are affected adversely by it. In such situations, the Centre can take full legislative and executive control over the affected area.

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