Supreme Court Appellate Jurisdiction
The Supreme Court also has broad appellate jurisdiction over all Courts and Tribunals in India, as it may give special permission to appeal under Article 136 of the Constitution from any judgement, decree, resolution, sentence, or order passed or made by any Court or Tribunal in India's territory.
In some situations, the Supreme Court's appeal authority can be invoked by a certificate issued by the High Court under Articles 132 (1), 133 (1), or 134 of the Constitution in relation to a decision or final order of a High Court, such as:
- Civil cases, irrespective of any questions of law with respect to the interpretation of the Constitution.
- Criminal cases, irrespective of any Constitutional question.
- Such cases which involve the interpretation of the Constitution that can be civil, criminal, or any other.
Parliament is authorised to provide the Supreme Court further authority to entertain and hear appeals from any High Court judgement, final order, or sentence in a criminal matter. The Supreme Court has special advisory jurisdiction in situations that the President of India may explicitly submit to it under Article 143 of the Constitution.