Concept of Election Constituency
- Based on the population, a state is divided into various constituencies. Likewise, the country is divided into various constituencies for the election of Members of Parliament.
- Every MP constituency comprises various state assembly constituencies barring certain Union Territories with a single MP constituency. The constituencies are called wards for the municipal or other local body elections.
- Reservations are applied during the elections. Certain constituencies are reserved seats for which only the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe person can contest the election. These seats get changed on a rotation basis after a certain period.
- Also, reservation is made for women. The number of constituencies a state can have depends on the state's population in such a manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted remains the same.
What is an election constituency?
An election constituency is where someone is elected as a representative as per the type of elections held every 5 years normally or during a bye-election.