What is an election constituency?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

An election constituency constitutes an area where someone is elected as a representative based on the type of elections held normally every 5 years or during a bye-election. A constituency is a geographically defined area in which voters elect their representative for the State Assembly or the Parliament of the country whenever the elections are conducted.

Concept of Election Constituency

  • Based on the population, a state is divided into various constituencies. Likewise, the country is divided into various constituencies for the election of Members of Parliament.
  • Every MP constituency comprises various state assembly constituencies barring certain Union Territories with a single MP constituency. The constituencies are called wards for the municipal or other local body elections.
  • Reservations are applied during the elections. Certain constituencies are reserved seats for which only the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe person can contest the election. These seats get changed on a rotation basis after a certain period.
  • Also, reservation is made for women. The number of constituencies a state can have depends on the state's population in such a manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted remains the same.

Summary:

What is an election constituency?

An election constituency is where someone is elected as a representative as per the type of elections held every 5 years normally or during a bye-election.

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