What is an Ecosystem in One Sentence?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : November 4th, 2022

The ecosystem is the area where plants, animals, and other species, as well as weather and topography, collaborate to build a bubble of life. It is a functional unit of nature in which living organisms interact with one another as well as with their physical surroundings. Its size ranges from a little pond to a vast forest or sea.

Ecosystem in One Sentence

The energy flow in an ecosystem is unidirectional. Initially, plants capture solar energy and then, food is transferred from the producers to decomposers. More information about energy flow in the ecosystem is given below:

  • The sun is the only source of energy for all ecosystems.
  • Different trophic levels of species are linked to each other for food or energy. This connection creates a food chain.
  • A trophic level is a position that organisms occupy in food chains dependent on the source of their good or nutrition.
  • Producers are in the first trophic level, herbivores are in the second, and predators are in the third.
  • The nutrient cycle is the storage and transit of nutritional elements via the ecosystem's many components.

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FAQs on Ecosystem

  • The ecosystem is the area in which plants, animals, and other species, as well as weather and topography, work together to create a life bubble. The components of the ecosystem are Productivity, Decomposition, Energy flow, and Nutrient cycling.

  • Ecosystem is comprised of biotic and abiotic components. Biotic components are producers, consumers, and decomposers whereas abiotic components are air, water, and soil.

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