What is a linguistic minority?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 7th, 2022

A Linguistic minority can be described as those minorities residing in India or any part thereof who have their distinct language or script.

  • The term minority is not defined in the Constitution of India.
  • However, the Constitution recognizes only religious and linguistic minorities.

Characteristics Of Linguistic Minority

  • A linguistic minority is a group of persons in a state or region of a state whose home tongue is not the majority language.
  • The preservation of linguistic minority interests is guaranteed under the Constitution.
  • There are more than 1,369 languages in India, yet many are in danger of becoming extinct shortly.
  • P Avinash Reddy examines the institutional risks that minority languages face, the available constitutional protections, and how affirmative action can be crucial in preserving them.
  • Their use of language fundamentally and uniquely shapes every person's life.
  • It is a repository for culture and knowledge systems and is a valuable tool for effective communication.
  • The basis for many aspects of daily life is one's mother tongue.
  • By providing the community and the individual with the required knowledge that has been gathered and developed together over ages, language helps people get more used to their surroundings.
  • Mother tongue data from the 2011 census in India revealed 19,569 different languages, with 1,369 remaining after linguistic analysis and classification.
  • However, in the next 50 years, the extinction of roughly 400 of these languages is a real possibility.
  • This information shows the ongoing need to safeguard India's linguistic variety while simultaneously highlighting.


What is a linguistic minority?

A linguistic minority is a group of individuals whose mother tongue is distinct from the dominant language in a state or region of a state. The Constitution guarantees the protection of linguistic minorities' interests.


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