Article 45 of the Indian Constitution
- The Directive Principles of State Policies Article 45 set the groundwork for free and universal education in the nation.
- "The state shall endeavor to provide, within 10 years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they finish the age of fourteen years," the article declares.
- Article 45 acknowledges the child's right to an education and instructs the state to make primary education mandatory and available to everyone.
- It also encourages the development of various secondary education options, including general and vocational education, and makes them accessible and available to every child.
- Article 45 takes appropriate measures, such as implementing a free education policy and providing financial aid in cases of need.
What does Article 45 say?
Article 45 deals with the requirement for children to get a free education. The constitution states that "the State should endeavor to offer, during ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, free and obligatory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years." Promoting social and economic equality within the country is one of the Directive Principles of State Policy.