Types of Urban Settlements
Urban areas are classified as one city, one city, or one million cities based on their size, services offered and functions performed:
- Town: The phrase that best describes a rural settlement is "town". There isn't much to separate a city from a village. The key element is access to resources. In towns, the construction and infrastructure are a bit good. Compared to villages, basic amenities are offered more often in towns.
- Cities: Cities are quite large and have more people than towns. They serve bigger economic purposes. There are more developed systems for transportation, quality of life, education, etc.
- Convergence: The term "metropolis" refers to extensive merged urban settlements. Initially, these towns or cities were divided. Cities such as Tokyo and Greater London are examples of conventions.
- Megalopolis: Means "great city". A megalopolis is a very dense cluster of many cities. Another name is Hyper Metropolitan. A classic example is an urban area that stretches from Boston in the north to Washington in the south of the United States.
- Million City: A city is said to be a million city when its population exceeds one million. There are now one million cities in the world, which is a record number. London became the first city with one million inhabitants in 1800, followed by Paris in 1850, New York in 1860, and more than 80 such cities by 1950.
A master plan typically separates cities or towns into areas governed by standards based on particular industries such as housing, sanitation, housing, and the environment. A variety of non-agricultural, economic, and administrative activities are carried out by urban communities, which are often compact and large in size.
Urban areas have a higher standard of living. The scope of facilities increases with the size of urban settlements. As a result, these metropolitan areas have a wider impact. Urban areas have more potential for development than rural areas. Urbanization is the process of converting a rural area into an urban area.