What are the types of plate boundaries?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

When two tectonic plates diverge, a diverging border is created. As magma (molten rock) rises from the Earth's mantle to the surface and solidifies to form a new oceanic crust, earthquakes frequently occur along these borders.

  • Divergent plate boundaries can be seen, for instance, in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
  • An area where two plates converge is referred to as a convergent border.
  • The borders of one or both colliding plates may bow up into mountain ranges due to the impact, or one plate may bend down into a deep undersea trench.
  • Along convergent plate borders, a chain of volcanoes frequently arises, and strong earthquakes often occur.
  • An example of a convergent plate is the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Types of Plate Boundaries

Plate borders come in three different varieties. These are as follows:

Divergent Boundaries:

  • As the plates separate from one another, new crust is produced.
  • Spreading sites are the locations where the plates separate from one another.
  • Example: Atlantic Ridge, Middle

Convergent Boundaries:

  • As one plate descends beneath another, the crust is destroyed.
  • The area where a plate sinks is referred to as a subduction zone.
  • Convergence can happen in three different ways.
  • Between two oceanic plates, two continental plates, and between a marine and a continental plate.

Transform Boundaries:

As the plates move horizontally past one another, the crust is neither created nor destroyed.

Summary:

What are the types of plate boundaries?

The types of plate boundaries are Divergent Boundaries, Convergent Boundaries, and Transform Boundaries. A three-dimensional surface where continental plates touch each other is known as plate boundary.

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