What are the types of natural vegetation?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

The types of natural vegetation are - evergreen tropical forests, forests of tropical deciduous, tropical, thorny bushes and forests, alpine forests, and forests of mangroves.

A plant community evolved organically through time and is referred to as natural vegetation without human intervention referred to as virgin vegetation. Thus, orchards, planted fruits, and other types of vegetation are not considered to be natural vegetation.

 

Types of Natural Vegetation in India

Five main categories can be used to categorize vegetation regions - Desert, Tundra, Forest, Grassland, and Ice sheet. In our nation, the primary vegetation kinds listed below can be found. Those are

  • Evergreen Tropical Forests
  • Forests of Tropical Deciduous
  • Tropical, thorny bushes, and forests
  • Alpine Forests
  • Forests of Mangroves

Evergreen tropical rainforests

  • These forests can be found in areas that get above 200 cm of precipitation annually.
  • They can be found in significant numbers in the Northeastern states of Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Assam, the Western Ghats, the Terai areas of the Himalayas, and the Andaman Islands.
  • The Khasi and Jaintia hills also have them.

Monsoon-type or deciduous forests

  • The deciduous woods can be found in West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Orissa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, and the surrounding regions, as well as on the lower slope of the Himalayas.
  • This region receives between 100 cm and 200 cm of precipitation annually. The area's predominant species is teak.

Dry deciduous forests

  • These forests thrive where there is 50 to 100 cm of annual precipitation.
  • These are primarily found in the South-east of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, sections of Uttar Pradesh, and the Central Deccan plateau.

Mountain Forests/Montane Forests

  • Mountains are home to forests known as montane.
  • Along the mountainside, mountain forest types vary greatly.
  • Up to 1500 meters, evergreen trees like sal, teak, and bamboo flourish on the Himalayan foothills.

Summary:

What are the types of natural vegetation?

The types of natural vegetation are - forests of tropical deciduous, evergreen tropical forests, alpine forests, tropical, thorny bushes, and forests and forests of mangroves.

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