Types of Natural Vegetation in India
Five main categories can be used to categorize vegetation regions - Desert, Tundra, Forest, Grassland, and Ice sheet. In our nation, the primary vegetation kinds listed below can be found. Those are
- Evergreen Tropical Forests
- Forests of Tropical Deciduous
- Tropical, thorny bushes, and forests
- Alpine Forests
- Forests of Mangroves
Evergreen tropical rainforests
- These forests can be found in areas that get above 200 cm of precipitation annually.
- They can be found in significant numbers in the Northeastern states of Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Assam, the Western Ghats, the Terai areas of the Himalayas, and the Andaman Islands.
- The Khasi and Jaintia hills also have them.
Monsoon-type or deciduous forests
- The deciduous woods can be found in West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Orissa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, and the surrounding regions, as well as on the lower slope of the Himalayas.
- This region receives between 100 cm and 200 cm of precipitation annually. The area's predominant species is teak.
Dry deciduous forests
- These forests thrive where there is 50 to 100 cm of annual precipitation.
- These are primarily found in the South-east of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, sections of Uttar Pradesh, and the Central Deccan plateau.
Mountain Forests/Montane Forests
- Mountains are home to forests known as montane.
- Along the mountainside, mountain forest types vary greatly.
- Up to 1500 meters, evergreen trees like sal, teak, and bamboo flourish on the Himalayan foothills.
What are the types of natural vegetation?
The types of natural vegetation are - forests of tropical deciduous, evergreen tropical forests, alpine forests, tropical, thorny bushes, and forests and forests of mangroves.