What are the types of law?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 7th, 2022

All types of law have far-reaching effects and help shape politics, economics, and society in many ways. India has a federal judicial system, and there are four types of law in the Indian judicial system. Law is a group of rules formed and enforceable by social or governmental institutions to handle behavior.

Types Of Law in the Legal System

Common law:

  • Any laws or rules intended to enforce specific pledges are included in the field of contract law.
  • In Australia, "common law" serves as the primary source of contract law, but more and more statutes are being added to it, particularly in consumer protection.

Statutory law:

  • Written legislation enacted by a legislative body is known as a statute or statutory law.
  • It is against oral law, customary law, regulatory legislation issued by the executive branch, and common law jurisprudence.
  • Legislative bodies may enact federal, State, or local laws.

Criminal law:

  • Individual jurisdictions within the Commonwealth of Australia typically oversee the administration of Australian criminal law.
  • Only a small amount of criminal behavior is reserved for the Commonwealth Government to pursue, leaving the majority up to the states.

Civil Law:

  • A civil right of action that develops unrelated to equity, reparation, criminality, or contract.
  • Torts safeguard a person's interest in their reputation, material property, physical safety, or financial security.
  • A court order can be used to stop any interference and remedy unlawful interference with one of these interests.
  • The goal of tort law is to put the victim back in the same situation she was in before the tort.

Summary:

What are the types of law?

Common law, Statutory law, Criminal law, and Civil law are the types of law. Law is a set of regulations and rules. Legal procedures vary between jurisdictions, with their dissimilarities examined in comparative law.

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