- The world's largest producer of rice is China.
- Additionally, it is the first nation to successfully cultivate rice, a hybrid of two separate plant species.
- China produced more than 148 million metric tonnes of milled rice in 2018–19.
- Nearly 95% of China's rice is grown using conventional techniques in provinces around the Yangtze River, including Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, and Sichuan, where the crop is largely grown.
- The Chinese government and officials will need to build more sustainable and effective ways for rice growing due to several variables, including climate change, a workforce shortage, and an overuse of chemicals and fertilizers.
- In 2018–19, India produced more than 116 million metric tonnes of rice overall.
- India's greatest producer of rice is the state of West Bengal.
- On a cultivable area of 5.46 million hectares, the state produced 15.75 million tonnes of rice in 2016.
- With 4.4 million tonnes exported in 2018–19, India was the world's top exporter of basmati rice.
- With an estimated 100 million metric tonnes of rice consumed annually, it is also the second-largest rice-consuming nation.
- The industry is the primary source of income and employment for more than 50 million people in India, where over 65% of the population eats rice.
What are the top 3 rice-producing countries?
China, India, and Indonesia are the top three rice producers worldwide, and India is the world's second-largest producer of rice after China. It is a staple food in more than a hundred countries of the world.