Three Problems of Slums in India
Slums are not a recent phenomenon as they have been present in practically all cities for a long time, especially during the period of industrialization and urbanization. In cities where there is fierce competition for land and profits, slums are generally the only settlements that are affordable and accessible to the poor. Rapid and exclusive urbanization trends due to increasing rural-to-urban migration are the primary reason for slum growth. These are the top three problems in slums:
- It lacks facilities for basic sanitation and is prone to unhygienic living conditions.
- Continuous migration leads to an increase in the number of slums, which further aggravates the problem of sanitation.
- Overcrowding and lack of essential needs
Slums in India
India is the third largest country in the world, and its slums alone are responsible for more child deaths than any other country in the world due to poverty, hunger, infection, unhealthy conditions, and more. India's population has tripled as a result of the significant increase in slums since independence. In India, slum dwellers make up the majority of the population today.
Rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation, depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or artificial ghettos, inadequate planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflict are some of the causes.