What are the three components of the Parliament?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The three components of Parliament are the President, Rajya Sabha, and the Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha represents the council of states and the upper house. At the same time, Lok Sabha represents the house of people and the lower house. The President is the executive head and India's first citizen.

Three Components of the Parliament

  • The President:

The President of India is not a member of either House of Parliament and does not sit in the Parliament to attend its meetings. But he is an integral part of the Parliament. He is the state's executive head and India's first citizen. The President shall have the power to appoint or remove high authorities like The Prime Minister, Judges, etc.

  • Rajya Sabha:

The Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the parliament, and the first sitting was held on 3rd April 1952. The strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250 members. The Rajya Sabha is a permanent house and is not subject to dissolution, and each member enjoys a term of six years. However third of the members retire every second year. It protects the powers of the States. Therefore, any matter which affects the States should be referred to it for its consent or approval. Rajya Sabha can only criticize the government but cannot remove it.

  • Lok Sabha:

The Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament, and its first sitting took place on the 13th of May, 1952. Its 530 members are elected from States, 20 from union territories, and 2 nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian community. The people of the states directly elect the representatives of the states. The Rajya Sabha cannot reject, amend or initiate money bills. Lok Sabha has the overriding powers in the case of money bills. The Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha.

Summary:

What are the three components of the Parliament?

The three components of Parliament are the President, Rajya Sabha, and the Lok Sabha. Lok Sabha represents the Indian people, while Rajya Sabha represents the union territories and states.

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