What are the Principal Functions of the Executive?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : July 20th, 2022

The executive is the most powerful and second organ of the government. The Functions of the Executive are enforcement of laws, appoint-making functions, treaty-making functions, war & peace functions, foreign policy-making relations, policy-making, etc. the rise of the welfare state has increased the functions of the executive significantly, In the modern time, there has taken a place a big boost in the role of the executive in every state. Let’s discuss the functions of the executive below.

Functions of Executive

The various functions of the executive are given below.

  • The main function of the executive is to supervise and direct the execution of the law,
  • The executive is responsible for the formulation of the general policies of the state.
  • All the major appointments are done by the executive. The executive appoints judges of High and Supreme courts of various states, chairman and members of the Union public, ambassadors, Air force & Navy, etc.
  • Military functions of the executive include exercising supreme command over the Navy, Army, and Air Force.
  • The executive is also responsible to decide which treaties are to with signed with other countries.
  • It preserves and defends the integrity and unity of the country.
  • Executive also formulate the foreign policy of the state and conduct foreign relations.
  • Executive plays a crucial role in law-making
  • It has the power to reduce, impose or eliminate a tax.
  • Another important function of the executive is to grant honors and titles to the people in recognition of their commendable services to the country

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FAQs on What are the Principal Functions of the Executive?

  • There are various functions of the executive such as the enforcement of laws, appointment function Defense, war & peace functions, policy-making function, functions related to law-making, treaty-making functions, etc.

  • The executive branch is headed by the president, and its constitutional responsibilities include serving as the commander in chief of the armed forces, appointing federal judges, ambassadors, and cabinet officials, and acting as head of state. 

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