Modern Farming Methods
What is now known as modern agriculture was exceptionally successful in supplying food to the world's growing population in the second half of the twentieth century. Primary crop yields, such as rice and wheat, increased significantly, food prices declined, increases in crop yields generally kept up with population expansion, and the proportion of people often living without food remained modest.
The invention of new crops, the use of pesticides and fertilizers, and the creation of extensive irrigation systems are some of the technological advances and scientific discoveries that have contributed to this increase in food production.
Drawbacks of Modern Farming Methods
The invention of modern farming methods has certainly given an edge to Indian agriculture. However, this agricultural technique has several drawbacks. The following are the drawbacks of modern farming methods:
- Chemical fertilizers are often needed in modern agriculture, which leads to the annual degradation of soil quality.
- Precipitation dissolves about 50% of the nitrates in the chemical fertilizers used for crop growth.
- Dissolved nitrate enters streams through land runoff
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