Methods of Wheat Cultivation
The details of the wheat cultivation methods have been elaborated on below.
- Broadcasting: This is an old method wherein seeds are broadcasted and then worked in by harrowing to cover them. The seeds are not uniformly distributed in the field, and hence this method is not encouraged.
- Behind Local Plough: Most farmers use this method. The seeds are dropped by hand into furrows opened with a local plough in this method. The seeds are dropped at a depth of 5 to 6 centimetres and germinate well.
- Dibbling: It is used where the supply of seed is limited. It is a time-consuming process. It is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is an iron or wooden frame with pegs.
- Zero tillage technique: It is a new method used in the Rice-Wheat cropping system. In this method, the sowing of wheat is delayed beyond 25 November because of multiple reasons, viz. preparation of field, uncertain rainfall, and rice harvesting with the traditional method.
- Drilling: The seed is sown using a seed drill or ferti-seed drill in this method. They are either bullock- or tractor-powered. Seeds are dropped at depth using a drill, resulting in uniform germination and a regular stand. Seed drills, also known as ferti-seed drills, are widely available in the market.