Challenges that Tribal Communities Face
In India, the total number of Scheduled Tribes (ST) is 705, spread across 30 states and union territories in the country. Many of these tribes face many challenges that threaten the erasure of their identities and cause them to live socially isolated and backwardly. According to a 2011 census, out of the total ST population, 89.97% live in rural areas, and 10.03% live in urban areas.
The tribal population living on the margins in rural locations not only faces isolation from modern society but also struggles with the exploitation of their resources and labour. Living on the margins, they have little to no access to healthcare facilities and education. Moreover, in the name of development, their resources are exploited by industries, and they are forcefully displaced from their homes.