What are the Main Problems of Tribal Communities?

By Ritesh|Updated : August 6th, 2022

Tribal communities exist on the margins of modern society and face various socio-economic, cultural, and political challenges. These challenges often come across as a threat to the indigenous identities of tribal communities. We have listed down some of the main problems of tribal communities below:

  • Social alienation due to their identities as lower castes in the Indian society.
  • The exploitation of their resources and labour.
  • Forced displacement and rehabilitation.
  • Literal, financial, and technological illiteracy.
  • The threat of erasure of their identities.
  • Lack of access to healthcare and nutrition

Challenges that Tribal Communities Face

In India, the total number of Scheduled Tribes (ST) is 705, spread across 30 states and union territories in the country. Many of these tribes face many challenges that threaten the erasure of their identities and cause them to live socially isolated and backwardly. According to a 2011 census, out of the total ST population, 89.97% live in rural areas, and 10.03% live in urban areas.

The tribal population living on the margins in rural locations not only faces isolation from modern society but also struggles with the exploitation of their resources and labour. Living on the margins, they have little to no access to healthcare facilities and education. Moreover, in the name of development, their resources are exploited by industries, and they are forcefully displaced from their homes.

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FAQs on What are the Main Problems of Tribal Communities?

  • Tribal communities in India face many political problems. Since many tribal communities exist on the margins, the development of their land is often the agenda of political leaders. However, in reality, the leaders fail to contribute to the development of these communities.

  • Scheduled Tribes face many socio-political, economic, and cultural problems in India. However, the biggest problem is that of social isolation due to their identities. STs are perceived as “lower castes” in Indian society and are subjected to a lot of discrimination.

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