What are the main features of the Harsha administration?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The main features of Harsha's administration are that he followed the monarchical system, the chief minister headed the council of ministers, maintained an efficient civil service, and had a liberal tax policy. Harsha was the head of all administrative, legislative, and judicial and the first commander in the chief of the army. He earned the titles of Maharajadhiraja and Parambhattaraka.

Features of Harsha's Administration

The main features of Harsha's administration were

  • King - Harsha followed the old monarchical system of administration that existed in India during the earlier imperial periods. The king was undoubtedly the supreme lawgiver, chief executive, and fountain of justice. He was also the central figure of the entire administrative machinery, acting as its center.
  • Council of Ministers – The Chief Minister headed the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers was also the foreign affairs and war decision-making body.
  • Bureaucracy – Harsha maintained an efficient civil service. The chief officers who received instructions directly and orders from the king were Mahasamanta, Pramatara or spiritual teacher, Maharaja, Kumaramatya, Rajasthaniya, Vishayapati, etc. There were the Commander-in-Chief, the Commander-in-Chief of the Cavalry, and the Commander-in-Chief of the Elephant Forces.
  • Revenue system – tax policy was liberal. The royal share was one-sixth of agricultural production. Taxes depend on the weight and measure of goods sold and on the share of production, taxes, and cash payments from other sources of income. Revenue was also derived from trade and commerce. But the duties on goods were mild.
  • Administrative decisions of the Empire – Haršha’s inspections maintained order in the territorial units and coordinated between the central and provincial administrations.
  • Penal system – treason against the state and the king was considered a high crime, and traitors were punished with life imprisonment. For crimes against society, immorality, and anti-social behavior, the perpetrators suffered mutilation of limbs or deportation to a foreign land or wild forests. The penal system under Harsha was a peculiar mixture of Maurya severity and Gupta leniency.

Summary:

What are the main features of the Harsha administration?

The main features of the administration of Harsha are - the king followed the monarchical system, the chief minister headed the council of ministers, maintained efficient civil service, and had a liberal tax policy.

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