What are the main features of the electoral system in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The main features of the electoral system in India are as follows:

  • Explains the Election Commission of India's structure.
  • Lists the duties of the Election Commission and describes its position.
  • Covers the election process from the release of the timetable through the result announcement.
  • Discusses the various steps in the election process.
  • Identifies and describes the poll-related officers' responsibilities.
  • Outlines the issues and the requirement for election reforms.
  • Suggests the ongoing and previous electoral reforms.

Main Features of the Electoral System In India

The following are just a few of the many authorities that the Independent Election Commission (EC) has:

  • The EC makes decisions about every aspect of conduct and control of elections, from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results.
  • It puts the Code of Conduct into effect and reprimands any candidates or parties that disobey it.
  • During the election season, the EC may provide directives to the government, prohibit the use and abuse of governmental authority to increase its chances of winning elections, or compel the transfer of certain government officials.
  • On electoral duty, the EC controls officials rather than the government.


What are the main features of the electoral system in India?

Only their constituency is open to adult citizens of India. Winners of the Lok Sabha elections are referred to as "Members of Parliament," and they retain their positions for five years or until the President, acting on the advice of the cabinet, dissolves the body.


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