What are the main features of the Chalcolithic Age?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The main features of the Chalcolithic Age are - the presence of painted pottery, burying the dead in a particular direction, and the recovery of bronze and copper tools. The Chalcolithic describes the period between 2500 BC - 2200 BC. The Chalcolithic period is the transitional period between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age.

Key Features of Chalcolithic Age

  • The culture based on the use of copper and stone was labeled Chalcolithic, which means the stone-copper phase.
  • In India, it lasted from around 2000 BC to 700 BC
  • Copper was mainly used in metalworking technology
  • It was discovered that by adding tin to copper, bronze could be made, which is a harder and stronger metal alloy.
  • Along with using copper and stone, these people also used low-grade bronze to make tools and weapons.
  • Copper bracelets and arrowheads have been found at Bhirrana, the oldest site of the Indus Civilization.
  • The Chalcolithic culture corresponds to farming communities such as Banas culture: (2000-1600 BC) pottery with red, white, and black design. Kayastha culture: (2450-1700 BC) ceramics painted with a brown pattern. Malwa culture: (1900-1400 BC) decorated pottery with red or black colored patterns. Jorwe culture: (1500-900 BC) pottery with a matte finish and black-red design.
  • In India, it was mainly found in southeastern Rajasthan, western Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, and southern and eastern India.

Summary:

What are the main features of the Chalcolithic Age?

The important features of the Chalcolithic Age are - the recovery of copper and bronze tools, availability of painted pottery, and burying of the dead in a specific direction.

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