Key Features of Chalcolithic Age
- The culture based on the use of copper and stone was labeled Chalcolithic, which means the stone-copper phase.
- In India, it lasted from around 2000 BC to 700 BC
- Copper was mainly used in metalworking technology
- It was discovered that by adding tin to copper, bronze could be made, which is a harder and stronger metal alloy.
- Along with using copper and stone, these people also used low-grade bronze to make tools and weapons.
- Copper bracelets and arrowheads have been found at Bhirrana, the oldest site of the Indus Civilization.
- The Chalcolithic culture corresponds to farming communities such as Banas culture: (2000-1600 BC) pottery with red, white, and black design. Kayastha culture: (2450-1700 BC) ceramics painted with a brown pattern. Malwa culture: (1900-1400 BC) decorated pottery with red or black colored patterns. Jorwe culture: (1500-900 BC) pottery with a matte finish and black-red design.
- In India, it was mainly found in southeastern Rajasthan, western Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, and southern and eastern India.
What are the main features of the Chalcolithic Age?
The important features of the Chalcolithic Age are - the recovery of copper and bronze tools, availability of painted pottery, and burying of the dead in a specific direction.