What are the main features of Harappan town?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

The main features of Harappan town are - proper urban planning, a citadel placed at mud brick platforms, and burnt bricks. These are used as standard materials and an underground drainage system.

Main Features of Harappan Town Planning and Civilization

The following are significant aspects of the Harappan cities' town planning:

  • Harappa, one of the most important towns of the Indus Valley Civilization, arose in the modern-day Sindh and Punjab river valleys circa 2600 BC.
  • Effective urban planning Streets were created with a grid plan, drainage system, and well-designed roads.
  • A citadel in Harappa was built of mud bricks.
  • Stone structures were rare in Harappan settlements; burnt bricks were used as the primary building material for their urban centers.
  • The underground drainage system was covered in bricks or stone slabs.
  • The raised region, known as the "Citadel," and the lower town were the two primary sections of Harappan cities.
  • The Citadel had a more significant height since mud-brick platforms supported its structures.
  • There was a wall separating this area from the lower town.
  • The Great Bath, the assembly hall, the granary, and the workshops were among the notable structures that made up the Citadel.
  • On the other hand, there were houses in the lower town.
  • The principal thoroughfares of the Harappan cities were constructed using a grid system. From east to west and north to south, they were created.
  • The buildings constructed on street corners were rounded to facilitate the passage of carts.
  • Mohenjo-main Daro's street was 800 meters long and 10.5 meters wide.
  • All of the wastewater was transferred from the home drains to the street drains.
  • The streets crossed the city's main road straight, dividing the area into square or rectangular blocks.


What are the main features of Harappan town?

The main features of Harappan town are - a citadel placed at mud brick platforms, proper urban planning, an underground drainage system, and burnt bricks used as standard materials.


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