What are the main characteristics of the Neolithic Age?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

The main characteristics of the Neolithic Age include implements made of stone that have been polished or ground, the creation of permanent habitations, animal and plant domestication, and cultural progress, such as pottery production. The Neolithic Age in India lasted roughly from 6,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C.

Main Characteristics of the Neolithic Age

  • The principal crops grown were ragi, horse gram, cotton, rice, wheat, and barley. During this time, domestic cattle, sheep, and goats were created.
  • They lived in pits adjacent to a lake and relied on hunting and fishing for their livelihood.
  • The inhabitants also employed microlithic blades in addition to tools composed of polished stones and bones.
  • There were axes, adzes, chisels, and celts used.
  • It was when mat-impressed, black burnished, and grey ware ceramics first debuted.
  • Neolithic megalithic architecture is fascinating.
  • In India's eastern (Bihar and Odisha), southern (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh), north-eastern (Meghalaya), and north-eastern (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh) regions, Neolithic villages have been found.
  • Several notable Neolithic sites in Kashmir, including Burzahom, Gufkral, Chirand and Mehrgarh (located in Balochistan, Pakistan) (Andhra Pradesh).
  • Jerf el Ahmar and Tell Abu Hureyra, both in Syria, are the two most important Neolithic sites in Asia.

Summary:

What are the main characteristics of the Neolithic Age?

The following features characterized the Neolithic Age: instruments crafted from polished or ground stone, construction of permanent residences, plant and animal domestication, and advancements in culture, such as the creation of pottery. The first Neolithic settlement discovered on the Indian subcontinent was at Mehrgarh in the Pakistani state of Balochistan.

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