Conclusions from the model:
- A majority of an atom's volume is empty.
- The nucleus is the term for an atom's core.
- Positive charges take up the least amount of space.
- The orbit of the electrons around the nucleus is circular.
Limitations of Rutherford's model of the atom
- His theory was unable to account for atoms' stability.
- There was no established method for organizing electrons along a circular path.
- Any particle traveling in a circle would accelerate and release energy. The rotating electron would then lose energy and eventually collide with the nucleus.
What are the limitations of Rutherford's model of the atom?
Rutherford's model has several flaws, including the inability to explain why atoms are stable, why electrons are arranged in a circular pattern, and why rotating electrons lose energy and fall toward the nucleus.