What are the Functions of an Administrative Tribunal?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : November 4th, 2022

The functions of an Administrative Tribunal are to settle disputes and complaints concerned with the recruitment and service conditions of persons appointed to the public service and posts related to the affairs of the Union and the States. It was set up by the Administrative Tribunals Act, of 1985. This Act provides for three types of tribunals, namely the Central Administrative Tribunal, State Administrative Tribunal, and Joint Administrative Tribunal.

Functions of an Administrative Tribunal 

The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 incorporated tribunals into the Indian Constitution. It included Articles 323 A and 323 B, which established tribunals to handle administrative and other issues. Article 323 A deals with Administrative Tribunals, whereas Article 323-B deals with tribunals for other matters. Administrative tribunals adjudicate disputes, determine rights between contesting parties, and perform other functions.

Characteristics of the Administrative Tribunals

The following are the characteristics of Administrative Tribunals:

  • It is vested in the judicial power of the State and thereby performs quasi-judicial functions as distinguished from pure administrative functions.
  • It follows the principles of natural justice and is bound to act judicially.
  • It acts openly, fairly, and impartially.
  • It is not bound by the strict rules of procedure and evidence prescribed by the civil procedure court.

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FAQs on Functions of an Administrative Tribunal

  • To settle the disputes and complaints concerned with the recruitment and service conditions of persons appointed to the public service and posts related to the affairs of the Union and the States, these are the functions of an Administrative Tribunal.

  • The main objectives of Administrative Tribunals are to lower the burden of cases in courts and to dispose of disputes relating to service matters fastly. 

  • The Administrative Tribunal is established by a statute endowed with judicial powers. It handles service matters and is vested with limited jurisdiction to decide a particular issue. On the other hand, a court is a part of the traditional judicial system that is vested with general jurisdiction over all matters.

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