What are the Factors Affecting the Climate of India?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : August 24th, 2022

Climate controls the numerous variation in temperature that one may experience. The climate of India, or any other place for that matter, is governed by several factors. There are six major factors that impact the climate; 

  1. Pressure and Wind Systems
  2. Altitude
  3. Relief Features
  4. Latitude
  5. Ocean Currents
  6. Distance from the Sea (Continentality)

Factors Affecting the Climate of India

The variables that regulate temperature changes in India's climate are climatic controls. The major climatic controls are six in number. They have been briefly discussed below :

  • Latitude: Since the world is a sphere, not all places receive equal amounts of sunlight. As we proceed from the equator to the poles, the temperature drops.
  • Altitude: The temperature drops as we ascend to higher heights from the earth's surface.
  • Pressure and wind system: The latitude and altitude of every location affect the pressure and wind system there. As a result, it affects the temperature fittingly.
  • Proximity to the Sea: Coastal areas are cooler than inland regions due to the distance from the sea. Extreme weather conditions are more prevalent and their influence reduces as the distance from the sea increases.
  • Ocean currents: An area's temperature will be reduced by cold ocean currents passing over it while its temperature will be raised by warm currents.
  • Relief features: Barriers that prevent currents from entering the nation are known as relief features. Winds that are cold or hot are blocked by high mountains.

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FAQs about The Factors Affecting the Climate of India

  • LOWERN is an acronym that can be used for the 6 factors that affect climate.

    L- Latitude

    O- Ocean currents

    W- Wind and air masses

    E- Elevation

    R- Relief Features 

    N- Nearness to water.

  • According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), there are four seasons in India like in other parts of the world, namely summers, monsoon, winter and spring. 

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