What are the Factors Affecting National Integration?

A highly developed level of collaboration between the various groups and subgroups for the benefit of all the members is a characteristic of an integrated nation. National integration is the process of integrating people with various socio-cultural identities (racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious, etc.) into a single territorial political society. It aims to instill a feeling of national awareness, the distinctiveness of identity, and loyalty.

Factors Affecting National Integration in India

India is a diverse nation with many different groups, classes of races, languages, and cultural traditions. There are numerous barriers to achieving world unification in each such country. Casteism, communalism, linguistic extremism, social inequity, economic disparity, criminal activity, regional learning, etc. are all obstacles to national growth in India. The following are some factors affecting national integration:

  • Casteism: The integration of the country is severely hampered by this. In India, the number of various castes and religions varies greatly. People are unable to consider the needs of the country because these biases are so offensive and limiting.
  • Communalism: Conflicts between communities can occasionally result from the accumulated interests that foster feelings of animosity and hatred.
  • Provincialism: Mutual hostility between states is growing as a result of the country's individual states' restricted sense of regionalism.
  • Political Parties: Many political parties ignore the needs of the general population and the interests of the country to win votes based on caste, religion, creed, and geography.
  • Linguistic Differences: Politics surrounding linguistic individuality is making it difficult for people to put aside their linguistic partisanship.

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  • Regionalism, communalism, religious fanaticism linguistics, and terrorism are the main factors posing a threat to national integration. These polarising factors constantly pose a danger to national integration.

  • The following are some of the objectives of national integration, such as fostering a sense of brotherhood and reducing racial, regional, religious, and cultural disparities. Active and vigorous promotion of the values this country stands for, particularly tolerance and harmony.

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