Factors Affecting Climate
The factors that affect climate are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features.
- Latitude: The distance north or south of the equator, measured along the meridian of that place as an angle from the centre of the earth is called latitude.
- Altitude: The distance above sea level is referred to as altitude.
- Pressure and Wind System: The air always moves from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas whereas wind is the movement of air from a high-pressure area to low-pressure areas.
- Ocean Current: The streams of water flowing constantly on the ocean surface in definite directions are known as Ocean currents.