What are the Elements of Weather and Climate?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The elements of weather and climate are atmospheric pressure, temperature, wind, humidity, and precipitation. The sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a long period of time is called climate. On the other hand, the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point of time is referred to as weather.

Factors Affecting Climate

The factors that affect climate are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features. 

  • Latitude: The distance north or south of the equator, measured along the meridian of that place as an angle from the centre of the earth is called latitude.
  • Altitude: The distance above sea level is referred to as altitude.
  • Pressure and Wind System: The air always moves from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas whereas wind is the movement of air from a high-pressure area to low-pressure areas.
  • Ocean Current: The streams of water flowing constantly on the ocean surface in definite directions are known as Ocean currents.

Related Questions:-


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  • Atmospheric pressure, temperature, wind, humidity, and precipitation are the elements of weather and climate.

  • Weather is the day-to-day condition of the atmosphere at a place with respect to temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed, etc. In contrast, the climate is the average weather pattern taken over a long time in any particular place.

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