What are the Disadvantages of the Lok Adalat System?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : November 3rd, 2022

The disadvantages of the Lok Adalat System are that the proceedings are held in open court, and any member of the public is welcome to attend. As a result, there is a breach of confidentiality. Lok Adalat was established in 1987 and is overseen by the Supreme Court of India. It is a forum where disputes or cases pending in a court of law or at the pre-litigation stage are cordially settled or compromised.


Disadvantages of the Lok Adalat System

Some other cons of the Lok Adalat System are as follows:

  • It is not possible to sit with the same judge again, which complicates matters and breaks the continuity of deliberation.
  • Conciliatory and persuasive efforts are used to settle disputes.
  • If the parties do not compromise or agree to a settlement, the case is either returned to court or the parties are advised to seek remedy in court.
  • The consent of both parties is required when the Lok Adalat decides cases.

What is Lok Adalat?

Lok Adalats works at the National, State, District, and Taluka level. It is conducted by National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) along with other Legal Services Institutions. Below we have mentioned the types of cases that can be heard in the Lok Adalat.

  • Compoundable Criminal offenses.
  • All kinds of Cases come under section 138.
  • Lok Adalats also hears the Issues related to the recovery of money.
  • Offenses related to the Indian Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
  • Apart from this, offenses related to labor disputes, utility bills of the house, and matrimony can be heard in the Lok Adalats.

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FAQs on Disadvantages of Lok Adalat System

  • The disadvantages of the Lok Adalat System are lack of confidentiality, complexity, the need for the consent of both parties, forced injustice, and diminished party autonomy. Only some types of cases can be heard here in court.

  • The advantages of the Lok Adalat System are economically affordable, it is a party-driven process, fair and uncomplicated justice, fast settlement of disputes, and proceedings can be conducted in local languages.

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