What are the different types of plains?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Structural, erosional, and depositional plains are different types of plains, depending on how they are formed. A Plain is a low-lying flat surface that constitutes up to 55% of the earth's land. Plains do not have an elevation and maintain the most negligible difference between the highest and lowest points.

Different Types of Plains

Structural plains:

  • These plains are created mainly by lifting a portion of the continental shelf or seabed.
  • Nearly all of the major continents' borders are where you can find these.

Example: The elevation of a portion of the Gulf of Mexico led to the formation of the United States southeasterly plain.

  • The primary way that structural plains are created is via the uplift of a portion of the continental shelf or seafloor.
  • Nearly all of the major continents' borders are where you can find these.
  • An illustration of this kind of plain is the southeastern plain of the United States, which was created after a portion of the Gulf of Mexico was lifted.
  • The subsidence of land could also create structural plains.
  • The central lowlands of Australia are one such plain.

Erosional plains:

  • All types of highlands are continuously and slowly eroded to create these plains.
  • These plains barely have a flat surface.
  • As a result, they are sometimes known as peneplains, French for "nearly a plain."

Example: The West Siberian plain and the Canadian Shield.

Depositional plains:

Plains were produced through the deposition of sediments carried by rivers, glaciers, and winds.

Example: The Indo Gangetic plain.

Summary:

What are the different types of plains?

Depending on how they were created, plains can be classified as structural, erosional, or depositional. They are Structural plains, Erosional plains, and Depositional plains.

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