What are the different types of party systems?

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : June 21st, 2022

There are three different types of party systems, each of which denotes the different forms of governance in a country. Here are the types of political party systems: 

  • One-party system
  • Two-party system
  • Multi-party system

But how do differentiate between one party and two-party system? A full explanation of the difference between the types of party systems is given below.

What are the 3 different types of party systems?

Here is the difference between the types of party systems -

Party System

Number of Contesting Parties

Features of the System

Countries with such a party system

One-Party System

1

Only one party is allowed to form the government.

China

Two-Party System

There may be more than two parties but only two major political parties stand the chance to compete against each other to form the government. 

US and UK

Multi-Party System

More than 2

Multiple parties compete against each other to win votes and form a government. The parties stand a chance to form a government independently, or in an alliance with other parties.

India

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FAQ's on What are the different types of party systems?

  • The difference between one party system and two party system is - 

    • In one party system, only a single political party comes to power to form the government. 
    • In two party system, two major political parties compete against each other to form the government. 
  • There are three types of political party systems in the world - one-party system, two-party system, and multi-party system.

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