What Are the Differences Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration? Name Some Organisms That Use the Anaerobic Mode of Respiration

By K Balaji|Updated : November 9th, 2022

Aerobic respiration happens in mitochondria and cytoplasm whereas anaerobic respiration happens in cytoplasm. In aerobic respiration, exchange of gases occurs and there is no exchange of gases in anaerobic respiration.

  • Aerobic respiration is the name given to the type of cellular respiration that occurs when oxygen is present. Aerobic translates as "with air." Therefore, the process of cellular respiration known as aerobic respiration uses oxygen to create energy from food. Most plants and animals, including people, birds, and other mammals, engage in this sort of respiration regularly.
  • Anaerobic respiration is the name given to the type of cellular respiration that takes place when O2 is not present. Anaerobic is short for "without air." As a result, oxygen is not used in this kind of cellular respiration to generate energy. Some species may not always have access to enough oxygen to allow for respiration, but they still require energy to survive. They engage in anaerobic respiration, or respiration without oxygen, in order to produce the energy they need due to a lack of oxygen. Lower plants and microbes typically engage in anaerobic respiration.

Major Differences Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration

Aerobic respiration

Anaerobic respiration

It happens in the mitochondria and cytoplasm.

It takes place in the cytoplasm.

Gas exchanges take place with this sort of breathing.

There is no gas exchange.

Water and carbon dioxide are produced when glucose is broken down.

Lactic acid is created in muscle and animal cells. Ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide are made in yeast.

Energy is discharged in vast quantities.

There is a slight energy release.

takes place in higher organisms like mammals.

occurs in lower creatures like yeast and bacteria.

Organisms that use the anaerobic mode of respiration:

  1. Yeast
  2. Lactic acid bacteria
  3. Escherichia coli

Summary:-

What Are the Differences Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration? Name Some Organisms That Use the Anaerobic Mode of Respiration

Anaerobic respiration takes place in the cytoplasm while aerobic respiration occurs in the mitochondria and cytoplasm. There is a gas exchange during aerobic respiration, but not during anaerobic respiration.

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