What are the Causes for the Uneven Distribution of Population in the World?

By meenakshi|Updated : October 10th, 2022

The causes for the uneven distribution of population in the world are geographical, social, cultural, and economic factors. Some areas are densely populated while others are sparsely populated. According to the latest figures, the major metropolitan area of Tokyo, including the cities of Yokohama, Saitama, Sagamihara, Kawasaki, and Chiba, is the most populous area in the world.

Causes for Uneven Distribution of Population in the World

The responsible factors for the uneven distribution of population in the world are as under- 

  • Geographical factors- Geographical factors such as favorable climatic conditions, topography, freshwater resources, and availability of mineral resources influence population distribution. eg. Indo-Gangetic plains. 
  • Social and cultural factors- Areas with better facilities for education, health, and housing attract people, and thus, are more populated than those with poor facilities. E.g. Jerusalem.
  • Economic factors- Factors like greater communication, transportation and industry are responsible for better employment opportunities, and thus, people are attracted to these sectors. E.g. Osaka.

Population Density

The number of people living per unit area is referred to as population density. Areas with more favorable economic, geographical, and social factors tend to have higher population densities. Some of the most densely populated countries in the world are Singapore, China, and Bangladesh. In India, the most densely populated states are West Bengal and Bihar.

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FAQs on Causes for Uneven Distribution of Population in World

  • Geographic, social, cultural, and economic factors are the causes for the uneven distribution of population in the world.

  • The geographic factors like climate conditions, temperature, availability of freshwater resources and mineral resources, topography, and soil texture contribute to the distribution of population.

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