What are the Causes and Results of the Munda Revolt?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : August 11th, 2022

Here you will understand the causes and results of the Munda revolt. Regional and colonial management followed unfair practices of grasping land that ultimately destroyed the traditional land system of the tribals (Khuntkatti System), which is considered the leading cause of the Munda revolt.

Mundas earned some recognition of the tribe’s Khuntkatti rights through the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act of 1908, and the result of the Munda revolt prohibited the forced labor system or Beth Begari. Munda Rebellion is the most prominent tribal revolution movement of the 19th century. Birsa Munda was the head of this movement from 1899-1900.

Causes, Influence, and Results of the Munda Revolt

The major causes of the Munda revolt were the British land contracts ruining the tribal ancestral land system, Hindu owners and moneylenders taking custody of their land, and Ministers criticizing their traditional culture.

The influence of the Munda rebellion could generate various benefits for the trial population.

  • 1905 – Khunti and Gumla were announced openly as Subdivisions for administrative ease.
  • 1908 – The Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act permitted to secure tribal soils from Land Reform Acts.

The result of the Munda revolt indicated that the tribal groups could fight against injustice and express their bitterness against colonial rule. Mundas gained recognition for their rights, and the movement abolished the forced labor system.

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FAQs on Causes and Results of the Munda Revolt

  • The primary cause of the Munda revolt was colonial control that followed unfair land-grabbing practices. This exercise pulled down the conventional land system of the tribals.

  • Mundas gained recognition of the tribe’s Khuntkatti rights with the help of the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act of 1908, and the result of the Munda revolt banned the forced labor system or Beth Begari.

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