What are the Causes and Results of the Munda Revolt?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : December 19th, 2022

The main causes and results of the Munda rebellion were the territorial and colonial management and unfair practices of land grabbing, which ultimately destroyed the traditional land system (Khuntkatti system) of the tribals. The Mundas earned some recognition of the tribe's khuntkatti rights through the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act of 1908, and the outcome of the Munda Rebellion prohibited the forced labour system or Beth Begri.

Causes and Results of the Munda Revolt

The Munda rebellion is the most prominent tribal revolution movement of the 19th century. Birsa Munda was the head of this movement from 1899-1900. The main reasons for the Munda rebellion were British land annexations, which were ruining the tribal ancestral land system, Hindu owners and moneylenders occupying their lands, and ministers criticizing their traditional culture.

The effects of the shaved rebellion could generate various benefits for the tribal population.

  • 1905 - Khunti and Gumla were declared openly as sub-divisions for administrative ease.
  • 1908 - Chotanagpur Tenancy Act allowed to secure tribal soil from Land Reform Acts.

The result of the Munda rebellion indicated that the tribal groups could fight against injustice and express their bitterness against colonial rule. The Mundas gained recognition for their rights, and the movement ended the forced labour system.

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FAQs on Causes and Results of the Munda Revolt

  • The primary cause of the Munda revolt was colonial control that followed unfair land-grabbing practices. This exercise pulled down the conventional land system of the tribals. After the revolt, it was established that the tribals could fight for their rights, resulting in the end of the forced labour system.

  • Mundas gained recognition of the tribe’s Khuntkatti rights with the help of the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act of 1908, and the result of the Munda revolt banned the forced labour system or Beth Begari. Hence, the Munda revolt was a successful revolt against British colonial rule.

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