What are the Branches of Horticulture & their Meaning?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : July 13th, 2022

There are four Branches of Horticulture namely- floriculture, olericulture, pomology, and post-harvest technology. Horticulture is can be defined as the science and art of growing vegetables, fruits, flowers, and crops. Horticulture is a wide field and it includes a diversity and variety of crops. 

Main Branches of Horticulture & their Meaning

There are mainly 4 Branches of Horticulture depending upon the corps it deals with such as:

  • Floriculture- deals with the science and practice of flowering and ornamental crops.
  • Pomology- this branch of horticulture deals with producing, harvesting, processing, preserving, storing, and marketing nuts and fruits.
  • Olericulture- deals with the scientific study and practice of vegetable crops
  • Post-harvest technology- this is one of the main branches of horticulture that deals with the practices and principles of packaging, handling, and processing of harvested crops. It aims to increase the availability of and storage life.

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FAQs on What are the Branches of Horticulture & their Meaning?

  • The two main branches of horticulture are Pomology and Olericulture. Pomology deals with the cultivation of fruit crops. On the other hand, Olericulture deals with the cultivation of vegetable crops.

  • Yes, floriculture is one of the important branches of horticulture which deals with the study of flowering and ornamental plants such as climbers, palms, plants, trees, shrubs, bamboo, and cacti. 

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