The Practice of Contour farming
- Contour farming has been practiced for centuries in parts of the world where irrigation is paramount. In the United States, this technique was practiced during the 19th century by direct planting in rows parallel to field boundaries.
- Contour farming is done by creating row patterns aligned around the hill as it descends. The hundreds of small dam rows slow water flow and increase infiltration to reduce erosion.
- It is the practice of paving sloping land along consistent elevation lines to conserve rainwater and reduce soil loss through surface erosion. These objectives are achieved by using furrows, crop rows, and wheel tracks across the slopes, which act as reservoirs to capture and retain rainwater, allowing for uniform water distribution.
What are the advantages of the Contour system?
Contour farming reduces the impact of landslides, floods, and storms on crops. Reduction of soil erosion, control of runoff water, and increase of moisture retention and infiltration, improves the composition and soil quality.